EU Bans and Sanctions on Disposable Plastic Products
We are trying to keep updated on the agenda in the countries we work with. Please see below the information on bans of certain types of plastic bags in EU countries and on Polypak solutions for those countries. If you find the information in the spreadsheets to be wrong, please contact us using our webchat.
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|Country||What product?||Conclusion||Sanctions||What can Polypak offer?|
|Austria||Polyethylene bag||The Austrian federal government is seeking a complete ban on non-biodegradable plastic bags from January 1, 2020 on. The suggested legislation will be part of a larger action against plastic pollution, such as a ban on adding microplastics in cosmetics and to reduce plastic packaging by 25% by 2025.||Ban||Bio bag|
|Belgium||Polyethylene bag||In the Walloon region, a decree has been enacted which bans the use of plastic carrier bags since December 2016. Until December 2017, personalised printed plastic bags that are already on stock can be used. Until January 2019, plastic bags with a biosourced content of at least 40% are allowed for food packaging. In the Brussels region, a decree has been enacted which bans plastic carrier bags from September 2017 and ultralight plastic bags from September 2018. The Flemish region has not decided on a follow-up of the directive.||Ban||Bio bag|
|Denmark||Light polyethylene bag||The Danish government will now prohibit thin, lightweight plastic carrier bags that are only rarely reused. The government wants to put a stop to thin lightweight plastic carrier bags customers receive in shops (e.g. for meat, fruit and vegetables or pizzas). Giving away carrier bags for free will also be banned, regardless of the material they are made of. This is part of the government’s action plan against plastic pollution.||Partial ban
|Estonia||Polyethylene bag||The Estonian Parliament adopted on March 21, 2017, the act on amendments to the Packaging Act which will restrict the use of plastic bags. Starting from 2019, handing out free larger plastic bags will be prohibited in stores. This concerns for example plastic bags handed out for purchases in large numbers during sales campaigns. Exemption are smaller lightweight plastic bags which can be used as primary packaging for loose food (e.g. meat or vegetables) or for hygiene purposes (e.g. milk in plastic packaging).||Partial ban
|Light polyethylene bag
|Finland||Polyethylene bag||The first “Green Deal agreement” was employed with the Finnish Trade Association. Its aim is to reduce the consumption of plastic carrier bags.||Ban||Bio bag|
|France||Light polyethylene bag||Since 1 July 2016, single use lightweight (< 50 μm) plastic bags (no matter which kind of plastic) are forbidden at cashiers. Since 1 January 2017, single use lightweight (< 50 μm) plastic bags are also forbidden for the packing of goods at the point of sale (e.g. for fresh fruit, vegetables, cheeses, fish). However, lightweight plastic bags made of bio-plastics are allowed for this case.||Partial ban|
|Germany||Polyethylene bag||A voluntary agreement between the German Federal Environment Ministry and the German Trade Association (HDE) was introduced on 1 July 2016. It involves a fee for carrier bags of five to 50 cents per bag – for larger and thicker bags, the fee is one euro.||Fee||Bio bag|
|Italy||Light polyethylene bag||Italy introduced a law in 2011 stating that single-use plastic shopping bags with thicknesses < 60 μm (100 μm for food-contact applications) distributed by retail stores must be made from biodegradable plastics, which are certified compostable according to EN 13432.||Partial ban||Bio bags|
|Netherlands||Polyethylene bag||A mandatory fee of 0.25 euros per plastic bag has been introduced on 1 January 2016.||Fee||Bio bags|
|Spain||Polyethylene bag||Starting from July 1, 2018, all plastic bags must be charged for. The exception are ultra-lightweight bags (less than 15 µm thickness) which are primarily used for packaging loose food products (necessary to prevent food waste). Also excluded are thicker bags (50 µm or larger thickness) with a recycled plastic content of at least 70% promoting the use of recycled plastic. From 2020 on, thicker bags (50 µm or larger thickness) must have a recycled plastic content of at least 50%.||Partial ban||Polyethylene bag < 15 μm
|Sweden||Polyethylene bag||A new regulation in Sweden (2016:1041) on plastic carrier bags states that businesses and operators who professionally provide plastic carrier bags to their consumers have an obligation to inform the environmental impact of plastic carrier bags. From 1 June 2017, they will need to inform consumers about the environmental impact of plastic carrier bags, the benefits of a reduced consumption of plastic carrier bags and measures that can be taken to reduce the consumption of plastic carrier bags. The information to consumers must contain all three parts.
From 1 March 2020 there will be a tax on single-use plastic carrier bags of 3 SEK per bag. For small plastic bags thinner than 15 microns and with a volume less than 7 litres, the tax will be 0.30 SEK per bag.
|Norway||Polyethylene bag||Norway wants to implement a ban on single-use plastic by 2020 ahead of the European Parliament’s implementation of the Single-Use Plastics Directive. In May 2019, a sweeping majority of 560 Members of European Parliament (MEPs) voted in favour of the single-use plastic ban agreement in the effort to combat marine litter and gearing towards a circular economy.||Ban||Bio bags|